Sources of Variation in Foreign Exchange Reserves in India during April-June 2011By RBI
Friday, September 30, 2011
Earlier today, the Reserve Bank of India released the Balance of Payments (BoP) data for Q1 of 2011-12 (April-June 2011) on its website (www.rbi.org.in (www.rbi.org.in/) ). On the basis of these data, the sources of variation in foreign exchange reserves during April-June 2011 have been compiled.
Sources of Variation in Foreign Exchange Reserves: April-June 2011
During April-June 2011, there was an accretion to the foreign exchange reserves. The sources of variation in the foreign exchange reserves are set out in Table 1 (#T1) .
On a balance of payments basis (i.e., excluding valuation effects), the foreign exchange reserves increased by US$ 5.4 billion during April-June 2011 as compared with an increase of US$ 3.7 billion during the same period previous year. The foreign exchange reserves (including the valuation effects) increased by US$ 10.9 billion during April-June 2011 as against a decline of US$ 3.3 billion during the same period a year ago (Table 2) (#T2) .
The valuation gains, reflecting the depreciation of the US dollar against major currencies, accounted for US$ 5.4 billion during April-June 2011 as compared with valuation loss of US$ 7.0 billion during the same period last year. Accordingly, valuation gains accounted for 50.1 per cent of the total increase in foreign exchange reserves during first quarter of 2011-12.
R. R. Sinha
Press Release : 2011-2012/507